Cannabidiol, along with the psychoactive compound tetrahydrocannbinol (THC), is one of 113 cannabinoids identified in cannabis and hemp plants. Cannabidiol accounts for 40% of the weight of the cannabis plant’s extracts.
Regulations for CBD differ from one jurisdiction to another, and are rapidly evolving due to the rising demand for the product and the changing regulatory environment.
CBD Regulatory Services by Jurisdiction:
All phytocannabinoids are regulated under the Cannabis Acts and Regulations, meaning that CBD is controlled in the same way as any other cannabinoid, including THC. Health Canada oversees the production and sale of cannabis products, including any that contain CBD. Even products derived form industrial hemp fall under the Cannabis Act’s ambit, and only authorized producers can legally make and sell CBD products.
The Cannabis Act and Regulations strictly control the possession, production, distribution and sale of cannabis.
Many countries in Europe have legalized CBD and have developed their own regulatory frameworks for the production and sale of the compound. The unique regulatory environment for each country is a serious challenge for would-be producers, especially as the EU considers CBD a novel food and looks to restrict access to CBD products. The European CBD market continues to grow, despite the possibility that CBD may become a restricted or medical-only product in many EU countries.
CBD producers require prior regulatory approval for marketing and selling their product in the UK.
Since CBD, unlike TCH, is not an intoxicant, it is not a controlled substance under the Misuse of Drugs Regulations 2001.
The EU reviewed CBD’s status as a novel food in 2019, and because it found no history of CBD consumption in Europe prior to 1997, it mandated that all CBD based food ingredients must first undergo a safety assessment before they can be marketed as food products.
The UK completed its transition from Brexit in January 2021 and now, the Food Standards Agency assesses novel food authorization applications for CBD.